A Transport in SAP is nothing but the transfer of R/3 System components from one system to another. The components to be transported are specified in the object list of a transport request. Each transport consists of an export process and an import process:
- The export process reads objects from the source system and stores them in a data file at the operating system level.
- The import process reads objects from the data file and writes them to the database of the target system.
The system maintains a transport log of all actions during export and import. The transport organizer helps to manage the transports in SAP.