ABAP Query (also known as an SAP Query or Query) is a powerful tool used to generate simple reports without any coding. Typically, an ABAP query is created first by defining a User Group and a Functional Group. The functional group can either be created with reference to a logical table or a database table. Once the functional group is defined, the user group is assigned to the functional group. The last step is to create the query on the functional group that is generated.
An ABAP Query can be used to create the following three types of reports:
- Basic Lists: Reports with basic formatting without any calculated fields.
- Statistics: Reports with statistical functions such as average, percentages, etc.
- Ranked Lists: Ranked lists are used for analytical purposes.