Usage of Quality Inspections in SAP and Other ERP Systems
Overview of Quality Inspections
Quality control inspections should be able to quickly remove parts or sample products during production. Quality control provides data and production information on the performance of production processes, providing insight into how better design can lead to better quality and reduced waste. Products under review may be components used for manufacturing, semi-finished products or ( usually ) manufactured items before shipment to a customer.
The quality management module is a strategic management tool from quality planning to quality evaluation. Quality management will be used to store and manage quality-related data throughout the supply chain. This will handle the traditional tasks of quality planning, quality inspections, quality certificates, quality notifications, and quality control.
Continuous process and product improvement is the motto of quality inspection.
Inspection Planning deals with Quality management(QM) master data and contains Sampling Procedure, Inspection Method, Master Inspection Characteristics, Inspection Plan, Codes and Catalog & Selected Set.
Inspection method specifies the specific inspection type to be used to inspect any product.
Master Data Components of Quality Inspections
Inspection Planning deals with QM Master data and contains Sampling Procedure, Inspection Method, Master Inspection Characteristics, Inspection Plan, Codes and Catalog & Selected Set. Inspection method specifies the specific inspection type to be used to inspect any product.
Master data inspection characteristics are the commonly maintained parameter to be inspected and may be qualitative or quantitative characteristics and will have upper / Lower value and a selected set.
Inspection Plan contains the parameters to be inspected for any material and created with material and plant combination.
Contains the following
- Master Inspection Characteristics
- Sampling Procedure
- Lower / Upper limit for characteristics
- Selected set for Qualitative characteristics
Codes & Catalog
Code groups are used to supply value during Result recording and during Usage decision. There are various codes created for various catalog and is maintained at the client level. Codes are created for attributive catalog and for Usage decision catalog and for many other notification requirements.
The selected set is the collection of various codes from the code group and created specifically to a particular plant. Selected Sets are created for attributive catalog and for usage decision catalog.
Functions in Quality Inspection Module Component
- Quality Planning
- Master data for inspection planning, material specifications.
- Quality Inspection
- Inspection lots, inspection results, and defects recording
- Usage decision and follow up actions
- Quality Certificates
- QM information system, vendor evaluation
- Certificate profiles
- Quality Notifications
- Internal / external problem processing
- Quality Control
- SPC and control charts
- Test Equipment Management
What is an Inspection Lot?
Represents the request to a plant to perform quality inspection on a certain quantity of material. Materials for inspection lot originate from stock-related areas like goods receipt from procurement or production, the customer returned goods, Internal stock movements, and goods issue in sales and distribution.
Transactions related to Quality Inspections
- QA01 -Create Inspection Lot
- QE01 -Results Recording
- QE02 -Change Results Recording
- QA11 -Record Usage Decision
- QA12 -Change Usage Decision
- QA32 -Inspection Lot Selection (Find)
- QA33 -Inspection Lot Selection (Enter Results / Defects / Usage)
- QE51N -Result recording
Check this document on creating records and managing defects with Quality Inspections and Planning